The carpenter ants, or camponotus, build their colonies in wood. They inhabit all the continents populated by human beings and damage gardens and homes, in order to deal effectively with carpenter ants, you must get to know them better. We will tell you how to find their nests and distinguish them from termites, as well as the best methods to get rid of them according to scientists, here you will find the 18 most effective control products from natural organic to synthetic killers, such as poisonous baits, killer sprays, foams and powders, if you are looking for the most effective treatment, scroll to the end where you will present 2 concentrated insecticides used by professional exterminators. Neither the carpenter ants nor the insects of other domestic pests will be able to withstand these measures.
Know your enemy
As a general rule, carpenter ants are black and quite large (up to ½ inch). In general, its appearance in the spring next to a tree or a wooden structure means the proximity of its colony. Some may confuse them with termites, but carpenter ants are larger, have a different form of antennae and body. Unlike termites, ants do not feed on wood, but instead make a colony instead. The crushed wood is removed from the paths and roads to the outside. The sawdust can be open or stacked behind a wall.
Carpenter ants do NOT create mounds in the soil, they are installed in wet and dry wood preferring wet wood, so their nests can be found in live trees and wood, near water sources in bathrooms and around basins. They are not visible from the outside, as the wood becomes fragile but retains its shape. To find a nest, you can try to screw a hole with a screwdriver or tap with a handle and listen as the ants respond with a peculiar and silent whisper. Remember never to touch them with your bare hands since workers have strong jaws and they bite easily if they are handled.
Fortunately, carpenter ants are not as destructive to houses and wooden furniture as termites, but the scale of destruction is not always visible as they create a maternal colony with a queen ant and thousands of workers and a few satellites with a large number of workers And there is no queen.
Scientific methods of getting rid of carpenter ants
The only way to get rid of carpenter ants is to destroy their nests, it is a difficult task given that their colony is usually in a secluded place, to find its nest, feed the insects with something sweet, like honey, once an ant has taken the food, will rush back to its nest and you will be able to follow the trail, the insect will hide behind the socket, in the closet or in any other place where your colony is, for complete extermination, It is crucial to penetrate the void and the passages of the nest.
Experts at the University of Kentucky explain how it is done: “Treat wall voids and other hidden spaces where ants are entering by carefully drilling a series of small holes (1/8 inch) and inhaling boric acid into suspicious areas The boric acid powder will disperse in the hidden vacuum and contact and kill the ants.If you suspect that the nest is on a wall, drill and try at least 3-6 feet on each side of where the ants They are entering to maximize the chances of coming into contact with the nest.
Prevention of new colonies
Correct roof or water pipe leaks, eliminate other sources of moisture, exclude wood contact with dirt or mulch as much as possible, do not let trees touch your home, seal holes and cracks in the foundation, And do not store firewood in the house or garage. Since ants have a “sweet tooth,” reducing the number of insects that produce honeydew (a substance secreted by aphids) could control the ants around the structures, as indicated by specialists at the University of California.
The use of slow-acting baits is the most effective way to destroy the colony. This is critical, because only about 10% of the ants are foraging at any time, and the remaining 90% is in the nest. The ants must be able to take a piece of poisoned bait and take it to the nest to share with its co-inhabitants and the queen. Killing the queen means defeating the entire colony.
As with any other species, the food preference of carpenter ants seems to change on a seasonal basis. Scientists at the University of Ohio are convinced that larvae require protein-based foods, so it’s more useful to use protein-based baits to get rid of larvae.
In general, keep in mind that carpenter ants are picky so you will have to provide them with a wide variety of different types of poisoning baits: sugar and base proteins. First, attract them to a source of non-toxic foods such as sugar milk, cherries or crickets cut into cubes or mealworms. After the ants begin feeding, replace the non-toxic food source with several different toxic baits, and let them choose the one they prefer. Experts at the University of Minnesota say that carpenter ants are very fond of protein-rich tuna, so they are so often seen eating cat food made from fish. Add some pieces of fish to the poison that lies around and wait for the results.
Spray nest spray treatments can also be effective. Insecticidal vapors can spread within the wood to penetrate inaccessible areas of the nest, helping in the eradication of the colony.
Sticky traps are much less effective. Its use is justified only by the need to protect a specific object, for example, a fruit tree from the effects of insects.