Termites are small insects that are approximately two centimeters long at most. They have three pairs of legs and their body is differentiated into three large parts: the head, the thorax and the abdomen.
In its head, the termites have a pair of antennae and eyes, and also, one of its most outstanding features, is that they have a very developed jaw in their buccal apparatus, which allows them to feed. The thorax of termites is divided into three parts, and in the last two parts of the thorax have a pair of equal wings (two pairs in total). Finally, the abdomen is divided into ten metamers and towards the end of it, there are some fences. Their way of life is social, similar to bees and ants and they live in the termite nest a certain amount in hundreds of thousands. Termites are divided into four breeds: breeders, workers, soldiers and nymphs.
The queen measures between 1.3 cm to 1.6 cm and is distinguished in its composition or hierarchy by its color. The termites of white color are called workers and soldiers and the dark ones are the males and the future queens. Soldiers have a characteristic that stands out in its anatomy: said feature is its rectangular head. This type of termite has wings larger than the body during the stage called bridal flight, and then lose them.
The society of the termites is conformed by the males and the females. Both are developed for the reproduction of the species and thus reproduced workers who are sterile because their function is to engage in work. Among the tasks of worker termites are finding food for the entire colony, feeding the other castes and enlarging the termite mound. It is the most numerous caste. The soldiers function as an army. Its function is to defend the colony. For this they have a sticky liquid that can defend them against some potential enemy. Their main characteristic is that they develop their jaws and their head. One of the most common enemies of termites is ants. The nymphs are dedicated to the construction of new galleries for the swarm, and also meet the needs of the kings.
Where do termites live?
Termites like to feed on wood or any material that contains cellulose. The place where the termites reside varies according to the type or class: the subterranean ones usually inhabit places that are not cold, also tending to live in humid places.
They are insects that are difficult to find in certain structures, if some variables are not given, such as the leakage of water through pipes, gutters of rainwater drains in poor condition, etc. With some damage that comes to light, the possibility of housing for this type of termite is generated. Within the termite world, a species that is called Coptotermes Formosanus has recently been discovered and is very feared since it is very voracious. It is a type of underground termite and is geographically located in the United States area. According to the studies carried out, this colony can consume an amount of 460 kilos of wood annually and has a great facility in its reproduction. The characteristic that makes it more dangerous is that they are able to cross all kinds of material to achieve their precious food: wood. They have found the ones that by getting to obtain their food they have crossed materials such as cement, asphalt, etc.
If the estimate for a colony of common termites is one hundred thousand, in this colony there will be up to several million (a single colony produces seventy thousand individuals with wings capable of generating other colonies). Finally, we must take into account a very important fact to avoid confusing termites with ants.
The first thing to observe when encountering a termite or believing that you are facing one of them, is not to confuse it with flying ants. When observing them you have to pay close attention to the physical composition of this insect. Pay attention to their wings to be able to differentiate them: the one of the ants are short in the back part and long in their front, being those of the endings in their form very even. The ant has a defined waist and is narrow, that of the termite is even and is not defined. The antennas that the ant has are broken and those of the termites are straight.