Winged Termite Identification – The winged termites have the Latin name Isoptera, which refers to the wings obtained by termites in adulthood. Termites are a group of social insects that ingest, as we all know, wood and any other element that contains cellulose.
Tropical and subtropical climates are ideal as habitat for these termites, however some of them live in temperate climates.
Winged Termite Identification
Termites are small insects that have soft white bodies, sometimes this is also called white ant, although the white ant really does not have any similarity with termites, termites really are much more primitive in relation to ants.
The termites feed on wood, this animal is able to feed on the cellulose of this element thanks to a large number of symbiotic microorganisms that are found in the intestine of the worker termite, as the other individuals belonging to the colony do not have the ability to digest cellulose, is the worker termite which is responsible for feeding the members of their colony with the already digested cellulose.
Termites can feed, in addition to wood, on microscopic fungi that they grow themselves, termites can even feed on secretions from other insects, such as beetles, which inhabit symbiotically, with termites inside of the termite mound
Apart from this, the termites also make the most of the food substances that can be found in the termite mound, they ingest the chitinous exoskeleton of the molts or even feed on the dead individuals.
Characteristics of the social organization of termites.
The termite colonies have a basic structure: worker termites, termites and breeding termites.
- Worker termites: these have no wings and are female only, are sexually immature and are blind, with the exception of the hodotermitidae. The worker termites play a vital role in the colonies since they are those that carry the greatest number of functions in the colony such as the construction and maintenance of the nest, the care and feeding of the youngest, the feeding of those that they can not feed themselves like the soldiers and the royal couple; they make tunnels, groom and clean the others. His body is usually little sclerotized.
- Termite soldiers: sterile adults are both male and female, have a large head very well sclerotized, sometimes this can be larger than the rest of the body. The great majority possess jaws very developed to attack the enemy, others more specialized throw secretion jets to repel other animals; These secretions are of different types, the most common are toxic, repellent or sticky. Its work is the defense of the colonies.
Characteristics of the reproducers: winged termites, primary reproducers and secondary reproducers.
- Winged termites: winged termites are adult termites, winged reproducers are those that can generate new queens and kings, they leave massively from the colony and when they meet perform their mating functions in various tunnels, to avoid predators among others problems that may arise; winged termites lose their wings once they have entered into sexual contact with their partner of the opposite sex.
- The primary reproducers: the primary reproducers are the royal couple, that is, the king and the queen, their bodies are usually well sclerotized except for the female of some species which have a large abdomen, due to the hypertrophy of their ovaries .
- The secondary reproducers: the secondary reproductive termites, are those substitute queens that arise when the queen has died or is too old to perform an optimal reproductive function; these surrogate reproducers generally have the body less sclerotized than the primary reproducers.
Particularities of termite nests.
The nests are characteristic of termites, they are very diverse and their architecture is usually complex, their sizes can reach more than 1000 m3.
The types of nest are: the underground nests, the epigeous nests and the arboreal nests, the underground ones are located under the ground, the epigeous nests are those that protrude from the terrestrial surface and the arboreal nests are those built on trunks, branches of trees and that are attached to the ground by covered corridors.